Galeria Millan exhibits in its Anexo, from March 24 through April 28, 2018, an overview of Paulo Pasta's recent production, with a wide selection of works produced during the past year. That same week, Instituto Tomie Ohtake opens a solo exhibition dedicated to the artist, with large-scale paintings from different phases in his career, selected by curator Paulo Miyada. A happy coincidence that allows the general public to doubly confirm the solidity and maturity of his work and to witness Pasta's rare ability to reinvent himself without losing his identity.
Titled Lembranças do Futuro, the show at Anexo Millan delves into an essential aspect of the artist’s work: time. His canvases show a clear relationship to memory, a conjunction between past, present and future; as if, when standing before them, we put ourselves before an expanded, dilated time. It has nothing to do with the time of the clock, or the condensation of a fleeting moment, but with the construction of a latent, contemplative state, created through a delicate balance, which is both rigorous and intuitive, between form and color.
The exhibition brings together a select group of paintings that were created by the artist during the past year. Despite the short time frame in which they were produced, they touch upon a great variety of issues. Among the most striking aspects of his recent investigation are a tendency to work with darker colors and a great concern with exploring chromatic values. This investigation on the saturation and intensity of hues derives from his research on landscape––a genre not included in this selection; of the function of color as a central element for the creation of optical effects in painting.
Placed side by side in subtle tonal contrasts, overlapping to create an imprecise intermediate area, or powerful nuclei that seem to emanate light, Pasta's colors do not exist in isolation. They gain strength from the relationships that they establish with each other. As he often says, "color is a suggestion, a state of mind. It is hard to translate something that is so intuitive. It has to do with a desire, which is not only rational.” He adds: "I like to let my work lead me and I will understand it later. The opposite, for me, is more harmful, more pernicious.”
This imponderable, experimental side of Pasta's production is also present in his choice of the structural forms that organize his canvases, in their dimensions, and in the formal purification of each composition. Usually working multiple canvases at once, the artist carries out several investigations simultaneously, establishing a broad field of inquiry from only seemingly reduced elements. In these more recent productions, for example, diagonal lines––which suggest depth––are more prominent. But they coexist with already familiar schemes outlines such as crosses and strips.
The diversity between works that are paradoxically very familiar is felt even more intensely among works of different scales. It is as if the compositional and formal relationships took on very specific characteristics according to the space they occupy. The small paintings on paper, such as those from Pasta's visual essay for Serrote magazine–– which will take up an entire wall of the gallery annex––bring a lightness of gesture and less of a commitment to refinement, which ends up contrasting and highlighting the formal completeness present in the large canvases.
This dialogue between the different paths taken by the artist in the isolation of his studio, made possible by the exchange within the exhibition space, not only makes the most apparent aspects of his research more tangible, but shows the importance, in almost equal doses, of effort and desire in his artistic practice. Often referring to master's of painting who preceded him, Pasta frequently says that he learned the importance of discipline from Matisse and the importance of patience from Volpi. According to him, “intention is not enough, the project must be subjected to daily, persistent, slow action, thus becoming destiny.”
Galeria Millan is pleased to present, from March 24 through April 28, 2018, the exhibition The First Green, by Thiago Rocha Pitta. The show marks a new chapter in his meticulous research on the environment, as he delves deeper into the origin and evolution of the planet through a set of works––mostly frescoes, as well as an installation, sculpture, watercolor and video––produced between 2017 and 2018.
Rocha Pitta’s diverse practice is connected to a deep fascination with the subtle transformations of his surroundings: the slow erosion and alteration of desert sand, a fog's descent and the fluctuations of underwater formations. His works capture the vibration of a living planet by training the observer's gaze on the slow material transformations, the physical progressions of tiny particles of a territory, and the sudden shifts of time.
In this new body of work, the artist examines the natural processes involved in the foundation of all living things: from the appearance of cyanobacteria––the first beings to carry out photosynthesis 3.7 billion years ago––to the period of "Great Oxidation," when the oxygen produced by these microorganisms started being released into the atmosphere, creating the conditions for a life as we know it today.
From this, Rocha Pitta creates a rich visual field that reinvigorates and updates this narrative in contemporary life, an update that becomes pertinent when we consider our role in the ongoing transformation of the planet, which for many scientists now crosses the Anthropocene epoch, in which human beings and their technical-scientific activities have replaced nature as the predominant environmental force. In portraying ancestral microorganisms that have operated a radical change in the chemical composition of the atmosphere, the artist also hopes to alert us on our insignificance in the history of the world.
These ideas are manifested in the exhibition through the artist's engagement, since 2016, with the color green, which lends its name to the title of the show. The color evokes not only the exuberant landscapes of Brazil but can be considered a synonym of several ecosystems around the world. Using the vast spectrum, hues, and gradations contained between green and blue, it weaves abstract views of the earth and the sea that erupt with vigor in our gaze.
The liveliness of these views is accentuated by the implementation of the traditional fresco technique, through which pigments are applied directly onto a moist layer composed of lime and sand, resulting in freshly laid surfaces. The artist's choice of this technique––which involves the evaporation, hardening and release of heat––establishes a clear connection with the geological cycles shown in the exhibition.
The exhibition also includes the video Before the Dawn, filmed in the Hamelin Pool, located in Western Australia. The Hamelin Pool is one of only two places on Earth where there are still stromatolites similar to those found in 3.5-million-year-old rocks. The 12-minute video captures daybreak over these extraordinary sea creatures and offers a touching image of early life: from the small organisms that brought about the development of the diverse flora and fauna of the world today, to the first experience of light.
“Dawn marks a moment when light and darkness are still not separated and the world presents itself as an indistinct, primitive atmosphere. That is the feeling that permeates the entire exhibition. It is about recognizing the extraordinary processes that have contributed to the formation of the world we know today. It is also a reminder that our environment is not static. It is breathing and changing all the time,” says the artist.
Galeria Millan is pleased to present, from February 7 through March 7, 2018, the exhibition Cine, by Arnaldo Pappalardo, which proposes a reflection on the idea of movement. The award-winning photographer enters the etymological dimensions of the word “cine” – whose meaning in Greek is to move – to conceive a set of thirty new works that portray physically unstable situations based on themes ranging from architecture, painting, drawing and cinema.
With the intention of seeking a new perspective on the theme in question, the artist chose not to present “moving images,” as suggested by the title of the exhibition. For this, Pappalardo uses several media: large books printed on cloth, long pieces of epoxy resin with encapsulated images, photographic glass plates produced through the dusting-on process, photograms in "gum bichromate" – the latter involving 19th-century photographic processes – as well as inkjet prints on cotton paper, resulting in a kaleidoscopic set.
The pieces are presented as small enigmas whose plots are hidden, waiting to be revealed by the observer, both visually and manually, in the case of some of the polyptychs and books. On a poetic plane, Pappalardo seeks to interpellate the movements that unfold in thought, based on the affection between the gaze and the images. For him, this process can either consolidate itself individually "from the loose parts, immersed in a seemingly chaotic universe, or connected to each other, should the observer wish to activate a personal game with them," he says.
On the occasion of the exhibition, the Hungarian philosopher, essayist and professor living in Brazil, Peter Pál Pelbart (Budapest, 1956), will give a lecture whose objective is less a critical analysis of the exhibition than the insertion of concepts related to its theme from a philosophical perspective. The lecture will take place on Thursday, February 22, at 7pm.
1954, São Paulo. He earned a degree in Architecture from the School of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of São Paulo (FAU-USP) and studied photography under Claudia Andujar (1975) and drawing under Carlos Fajardo (1977 to 1979). He has received important awards such as The Royal Photographic Society Photobook Award, RM Photobook Award, UK (2016); Prêmio Itamaraty de Arte Contemporânea, Brazil (2011); Prêmio Fotografia Aplicada – Funarte, Brazil (1997); Leopold Godowsky, Jr. Color Photography Awards, USA (1991). He has held solo exhibitions at Museu da Casa Brasileira, São Paulo, SP (2013); Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil (2008); Galeria Millan, São Paulo, SP (1994); traveling exhibition organized by Funarte (Salvador, BA; Aracaju, SE; João Pessoa, PB; Campina Grande, PB; Recife, PE; Maceió, AL; Fortaleza, CE; Teresina, PI; São Luis, MA), 1986; MASP, São Paulo, SP (1984) and Fotogaleria Fotóptica, São Paulo, SP (1982). He has also participated in various group exhibitions including Ver do Meio, Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo, SP (2015) Veracidade, MAM, São Paulo, SP (2006); Novas aquisições 2003: Gilberto Chateaubriand Collection, MAM, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (2003) Coleção Pirelli de fotografia, MASP, São Paulo, SP (2002); Labirinto e identidades, Centro Português de Fotografia, Lisbon, Portugal and Bienal Internacional de Fotografia, Curitiba, Brazil (2000); Brasilianische Fotografie 1946-1998, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, Germany (1998); Arte/cidade, São Paulo, SP (1997); Interiores, MAM, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (1996); Reencontres internationales de la photographie, Arles, France (1980 and 1991); Brasil projects, MoMA PS1, New York; Esposizione internazionale della Triennale di Milano, Fisica Galeria Sotterranea, Milan, Italy (1988); Mois de La Photo, Paris, France (1986); 1st Bienal de La Habana, Cuba (1984) among others.download release
Galeria Millan will hold, from November 22 through December 20, 2017, the exhibition Décio Pignatari – Na Arte Interessa O Que Não [In Art Matters What is Not], curated by João Bandeira. The uniqueness of the show is characterized by the presentation of a majority of lesser-known works, including some that were long out of circulation, produced between the 1950s and the 2000s, without leaving out examples of the classics by Décio Pignatari in a selection featuring around fifty works.
Also displayed are original manuscripts and typed writings, letters, photographs and other documents, some of them never seen publicly, as well as audio and audiovisual material. The exhibition, which occupies both floors of the gallery, proposes to give a concise but multifaceted panorama of Pignatari's artistic production, which extends the understanding of his work beyond his recognition as one of the founders of concrete poetry, alongside the brothers Augusto and Haroldo de Campos.
Over more than half a century of activity in Brazil's cultural milieu, Décio Pignatari explored not only the semantic dimension in his works, but also the aural and especially the visual language. A key name in Brazilian visual poetry, he was known for his creative restlessness; he also wrote plays, short stories and a novel––which were always highly experimental––as well as a series of texts in the areas of semiotics and communication theory.
Part of his rich artistic production can be seen at the exhibition, including period-original poems such as Terra (1958) and the iconic Beba Coca-Cola (in a serigraphic version signed by Décio in 1991), as well as works like Pelé and Agora, from the series Poemas Semióticos (1964) and a facsimile print of Cr$isto é a Solução (1967)––which visitors can take home–– that dialogue closely with the country's current context. Amidst a variety of techniques and mediums––prints in offset and silkscreen, objects, audio recordings and others––visitors will have access to two important book-poems, Life (1958) and Organismo (1960), available in replicas that can be touched in the exhibition space.
The curator, João Bandeira, considers Décio Pignatari's work as being "like a continent that is still not well-known." He adds: "Décio's work alongside the Campos brothers in the creation of concrete poetry in the 1950s, and the discussion on what he took up with them is, undoubtedly, a fundamental inheritance. But the originality and breadth of his production does not end there. He had a courage for taking risks that I find admirable. In addition to the "Décio language designer" in that best-known Swiss standard, there is also the "Décio udigrudi," who exchanged ideas with people like Hélio Oiticica and Júlio Bressane, and created the priceless ‘Marda – Movimento de Arregimentação Radical em Defesa da Arte’ with Rogério Duprat, governed by the most acidic irreverence, which resulted in screenplays for photo-comics and things like happenings to the jingle Brazil, My Mother (from 1970), which, incidentally, will also be in this exhibition at Galeria Millan."
The visual artist Lenora de Barros exhibits her most recent work, from November 22 through December 20, 2017, after a period of research in New York. Pisa na Paúra occupies Anexo Millan and examines themes like violence and fear through different art forms, including video, installation, wheat paste posters and ceramics.
The word “paúra,” in Portuguese, is a synonym of fear, dread, terror; it derives from the Latin pavere, which means “to be terrified or astonished, to be possessed.” The artist enters the etymological dimensions of the word to engender a set of works that marks a new phase in her career. She is now dealing with new challenges as she devotes herself to manual crafts, especially ceramics, a research she carried out during six months at the Sculpture Space in New York.
At the entrance to the exhibition space, Lenora will cover two large walls (6.5 x 11 m) with wheat-pasted posters containing the hand-written phrase “pisa na paúra” (step on fear). The text repeats itself in an obsessive and rhythmic way and overlaps until almost reaching entropy. The phrase is a poetic and radical transition from verbal language to drawing.
In the center of the same space, visitors will be invited to step on the letters of the word “paúra,” made of clay, which literally evoke the feeling of the exhibition title, the idea of stepping on fear. Ceramic works also appear in a series of small sculptures titled Máscaras de Mão (2017), whose shape and scale resemble boxing gloves, but also suggest disfigured faces.
The process for its creation came from an insight the artist had while exploring the inner composition of the medium, its visceral aspect. “This primitive state of clay and how it might lend itself to my poetics interests me. At first, I was afraid of the process of creating form, and that feeling made me revisit a poem I wrote in 1972,” she says, referring to MEDO DA FORMAAMORFA. Viscerality was already a recurring element in her work, but now it takes on a more sensitive character.
In a line of research that developed parallel to and in dialogue with ceramics, the artist was experimenting with targets used in shooting ranges – an uncomfortable and disturbing element at a time when violence spreads in a frightening way and turns against determined, as well as random, targets. During her research process, Lenora decided to collect used targets tossed out at a shooting range in São Paulo, which will be featured in the show. “It called my attention to the violence contained in these figures in ‘decomposition’ after the shots they received – images of bodies that never lived, but died in a violent way,” she says.
The pieces also served as a starting point for the video Alvos, which was recorded in one of the rooms at this shooting range, in which the artist positions the figure of the target over her own face. “What stood out in this image is the fact that the point that directs the shot is situated over her mouth. This connection with the tongue and language interests me,” she explains, and adds: “The intriguing thing is that this figure has an impassive expression, whose meaning is precisely the opposite of ‘paúra.’”
Lenora de Barros began her production in the 1970s, in a field of research that privileged the relationships between word and image. Daughter of the artist Geraldo de Barros (1923-1998), she had an up-close experience with the Constructivism in São Paulo. “I grew up in this stimulating environment interacting with artists and poets, under the influence of Concretism, Pop culture and the climate of experimentalism and transgression of sectors of the cultural milieu at a time when Brazil lived under a military dictatorship. All this influenced me and stimulated the development of my work, which came to meet the wider environment of contemporary art.”download release
Galeria Millan presentes, from October 10 through November 4, 2017, the group show Respirar sem oxigênio [Breathing without oxygen], organized by the artist Regina Parra. The show features works by 24 artists, including names of the new generation—Bruno Levorin, Claudio Bueno, Gui Mohallem, Haroldo Saboia, Heloisa Franco, Julia Gallo & Max Huszar, Julia Ayerbe, Laura Davina, Malka Borenstein, Patrícia Araujo, Thany Sanches—in dialogue with important works by Ana Mazzei, Afonso Tostes, Artur Barrio, Caetano Dias, Fancy, Lenora de Barros, Leticia Parente, Jannis Kounellis, Regina José Galindo, Nelson Felix, Tatiana Blass and Tunga. The proposal is to investigate the vulnerability of the body as a means to create new powers from a rich dialogue between different generations of Brazilian and foreign artists.
The selection of works traverses the years 1970 to 2017 and includes videos, sculptures, objects, paintings and drawings that cover the different deformations suffered by the contemporary body. Deformations that are not torture but a result of the “positions of a body that brings together the desire to sleep, to vomit, to toss and turn, to sit most of the time.” (Lapoujade, David. O corpo que não aguenta mais); resulting from exhaustion, fatigue, from a body that can take no more. “It is a condition of the body to be affected by the forces of the world. Deleuze insists that a body never ceases to be submitted to encounters and confrontations: with light, with oxygen, with food, with sounds, etc. A body is, according to him, always ‘meeting other bodies,’” says Parra.
If this situation of extreme fragility can be seen as a sign of resistance, exhaustion would not necessarily mean complete paralysis. How, then, to turn great fatigue into power? How to breathe without oxygen? This is the central idea that will be presented by Parra: the collapsing body as a means for research and creation of new powers in the face of the political, cultural and affective incontinences of contemporary life.
To complement the proposal, Regina Parra invited the choreographer Bruno Levorin to develop and action as an answer to the question: "What are the spaces and boundaries that circumscribe communication between two bodies?". Levorin will begin from his meeting with the visual artist Haroldo Saboia to investigate choreographic practices that discuss the relationship between gesture, nomination and invocation.download release
Galeria Millan presents, from October 10 through November 12, 2017, Miss Natural e outras pinturas [Miss Natural and other paintings], Ana Prata's second solo show at the gallery. The exhibition will occupy Anexo Millan, and feature around twenty oil paintings on canvas varying between small and large formats. The artist operates with non-linear narratives, where thematic and formal aspects interlace. Each painting is to her a specific and unique way of organizing and presenting an idea, that when put together establishes new meaning. There is also a latent ambiguity in her work that can transit between humor, interiority and critical spirit.
Some groups of works are presented in this exhibition, among them: human figures, geometric forms, landscapes and abstract gestural paintings. A triangle can both present symbolic references — as in a kind of portal, or an idea of ascension — and can refer, by the way it was painted, to a pictorial vocabulary of the 20th century. When placed next to the paintings of female figures, other meanings can be attributed to them, forming a web that does not search for an answer but for paths of perception.
In the feminine context, the artist develops a character called Miss Natural, who appears in some works, and which may call to mind the idea of a “universal mother,” a mythical figure present in many pagan religions and cultures, or perhaps flirt with the hippie ideal of a “return to origins” and its remnants in the current culture. The work of the artist maintains an ambiguous character, a fact that becomes evident when we realize that the hand of one of these female figures resembles those of Mickey Mouse.
The landscapes of mountains and lakes are structured around the same design scheme (which has the unpretentiousness of a child's drawing), but with unique technique and visuality, creating varied, formally disparate temperaments. When looking at Ana Prata's work, the direct relationship that the artist establishes with several moments in the history of modern art is perceptible, as if this dialogue were a tool for her activity. However, Prata is not resistant to the diversity that this dialogue enables, but rather uses it for exercising freedom.download release
Galeria Millan will host, from September 2 – 30, 2017, the first-ever exhibition Das mãos e do barro, curated by Aracy Amaral, co-curated by artist Osvaldo Salerno, one of the directors at Museo del Barro in Asunción, with the participation of theorist Ticio Escobar. The show features 114 works by Paraguayan artists Julia Isídrez, Ediltrudis Noguera and Carolina Noguera which present the viscerality in the century-old tradition of Paraguayan ceramics for the first time in São Paulo at Galeria and Anexo Millan.
The show was conceived by Aracy Amaral in 2009 while curating the Chile Triennial of Visual Arts, when she came in closer contact with the works by these three self-taught Guarani artists who honor a century-old tradition, dating back to the pre-Columbian period, in their country of origin. “Artisans who work non-stop, having learned from their mothers, who in turn learned from their mothers, in a tradition originating from around the colonial period to present day. Women knead the damp clay and men work in basketry or woodworking,” explains Amaral.
Itá and Tobatí, the hometowns of Julia Isídrez and sisters Ediltrudis Noguera and Carolina Noguera, respectively, are two centers famous for the production of ceramics made by the Guarani people who cultivate the tradition of clay art, characterized by the production of cremation urns and votive vessels. The works by the Paraguayans carry with them traces of a daily routine divided between household chores, looking after the children and the home, where the work with clay takes place by the oven and the room in which their families sleep. “The activities in the home shift, creating another dynamic, which interrupts the routine,” explains writer Lia Colombino.
The three artists work with clay in their own unique styles and have shown their craft at important exhibitions in Latin America and Europe, including Documenta 13 in Kassel. Carolina Noguera (Compañía 21 de julio, Tobatí, 1972), daughter of prestigious ceramist Mercedes Areco de Noguera, began working with her mother during childhood, following the pre-colonial hereditary tradition. At the age of 17, Carolina took an independent path, at which time she began to develop her own style, marked by human and angelic figures, which characterize her work to this day. She began gaining notoriety after the documentary Kambuchi, directed by Miguel Agüero, which premiered in 2011.
Ediltrudis Noguera (Compañía 21 de julio, Tobatí, 1965), like her sister Carolina, also dedicates her time to clay art, but her practice focuses on pitchers (drinking vessels of Greco-Roman origin) with zoomorphic or anthropomorphic shapes, featuring powerful images of bulls, horses and humans. Her home oven was replaced by a kiln for firing larger pieces. She has shown her work extensively in Paraguay and abroad, at the Chile Triennial in Santiago, for example. In February 2017, she participated in an arts and crafts workshop in the City of Antigua, Guatemala, at the invitation of the BANAMEX Development Sector, National Bank of Mexico, an event that brought together great masters of Iberoamerican Folk Art.
Julia Isídrez (Compañía Caaguazu, Itá, 1967), daughter of artist Juana Maria Rodas (1925-2013) with whom she also learned, like the Noguera sisters, the craft of ceramics. Her work focuses on small pieces, often inspired by animals found in the home and in her surroundings (snakes, armadillos, chickens, ducks, fleas, spiders, bedbugs, scorpions, etc.); as well larger pieces that explore the vessel and urn formats. She has been exhibiting works internationally since 1976, including at the UNESCO Gallery in Paris, the Center of Visual Arts at Museo del Barro in Asunción, Paraguay (1998, 1999), the Mercosur Biennial in Porto Alegre, Brazil (1999), the ARCO Fair in Madrid, Spain (2007), the 35th edition of the International Exhibition of Traditional Arts and Crafts in Santiago, Chile (2008), the Chile Triennial of Visual Arts (2009), and at Documenta in Kassel, Germany (2013).
In gathering a rich selection of works by these three artists for the first time in Brazil, Das mãos e do barro brings about an important reflection on the phenomenon of Paraguayan Folk Art as well as its expressive force that, along with the musical and industrial traditions, are acquiring new contours in an era of global communication that intensifies its creative production. These are works that translate “the transformation of the utilitarian in face of the phenomenon of globalizing contamination into an art that is now not only featured in local exhibitions and at Museo del Barro, but also at international events and exhibitions," says Amaral. Meanwhile, it also points to the dilemma that all century-old traditions face: whether to preserve or renew themselves, which, in attempting to meet the emergence of a market that is always eager for innovation, run the risk of disappearing.download release
Tiago Mestre, a Portuguese artist who has gained prominence in the Brazilian art scene, exhibits his works for the first time at Galeria Millan from July 12 through August 12. The show, Noite. Inextinguível, inexprimível noite. [Night. Inextinguishable, inexpressible night.], borrows its title from the poem Lugar II by Portuguese poet Herberto Helder (1930-2015) and features a selection of 60 artworks that explore the issue of form and the myth of the modern project relating to sculpture. Materials such as clay, bronze and plaster give shape to works that are in a constant negotiation between design and unpredictability, between plan and expressive freedom.
The set of works includes sculptures of different scales, video, interventions with the gallery’s architecture and a large installation (a landscaping element that organizes the whole exhibition). These works refer to the first human attempts at assimilating the natural within projectual thought, mapping the process of assimilating the landscape starting from the intellect. “The idea of the design as a backdrop, as the orchestration of a system," explains Mestre.
Each of the sculptures seems to demonstrate a concise act, that’s clearly manual, as if it were unfinished or in a perpetual state of becoming, often leaving an ambiguous affiliation as to its disciplinary nature. The use of color emerges punctually, not so much as a system, but rather as a resource that accentuates, corrects or clarifies specific issues in the work. This semantic uncertainty, or programmatic transversality, is one of the focal points of the work. The problematization of the performative capacity of each of the works is made evident (if not parodied) in situations such as the one of the sculpture of two hills (a work that is both landscape sculpture and a niche for other minor works).
The video, which will be shown on the second floor of the gallery, stands as a kind of general synthesis of the show. The immateriality of this medium contrasts decisively with the predominantly objectual side of the remaining works. In it, we see a slow, silent and interminable transmutation of geometric and organic forms, in an “apathetic” reference to the myth of Brazilian architecture, to its unique relationship with nature and the landscape.
Although some architectural procedures are involved in his process—such as sketches and scale models—his focus is more directed toward the observation of the bodies' experience in the space, whether they be natural, sculptural, or architectural. It seems that this intimacy between nature, space and form, is what Mestre’s exhibition seeks to unveil.download release