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Curated by Aracy Amaral

CURADORIA/CURATED BY: ARACY AMARAL
sep . 02 . 2017  -  sep . 30 . 2017 , Galeria Millan e Anexo Millan
opening sep . 02 . 2017, 12pm - 04pm
Monday – Friday, 10am to 7pm; Saturday, 11am to 6pm
  • Julia01
    Julia Isídrez
    Vasija roja - Pieza con ondulaciones, rostro, patas y cola zoomorfas, 2017
    Ceramic
    72 x 62 x 62 cm
  • Julia02
    Julia Isídrez
    Figura roja zoomorfa con pico y cuerpo con ondulaciones, 2017
    Ceramic
    36 x 28 x 28 cm
  • Ediltrudir02
    Ediltrudis Noguera
    Figura pequeña mujer, 2017
    Ceramic
    63 x 36 x 22 cm
  • Ediltrudir01
    Ediltrudis Noguera
    Figura zoomorfa (equino), 2017
    Ceramic
    88 x 43 x 67 cm
  • Carolina02
    Carolina Noguera
    Vaso esférico com seis anjos, 2017
    Ceramic
    32 x 29 cm
  • Carolina01
    Carolina Noguera
    Figura materna, 2017
    Ceramic
    38 x 31 cm

Galeria Millan will host, from September 2 – 30, 2017, the first-ever exhibition Das mãos e do barro, curated by Aracy Amaral, co-curated by artist Osvaldo Salerno, one of the directors at Museo del Barro in Asunción, with the participation of theorist Ticio Escobar. The show features 114 works by Paraguayan artists Julia Isídrez, Ediltrudis Noguera and Carolina Noguera which present the viscerality in the century-old tradition of Paraguayan ceramics for the first time in São Paulo at Galeria and Anexo Millan.

The show was conceived by Aracy Amaral in 2009 while curating the Chile Triennial of Visual Arts, when she came in closer contact with the works by these three self-taught Guarani artists who honor a century-old tradition, dating back to the pre-Columbian period, in their country of origin. “Artisans who work non-stop, having learned from their mothers, who in turn learned from their mothers, in a tradition originating from around the colonial period to present day. Women knead the damp clay and men work in basketry or woodworking,” explains Amaral.

Itá and Tobatí, the hometowns of Julia Isídrez and sisters Ediltrudis Noguera and Carolina Noguera, respectively, are two centers famous for the production of ceramics made by the Guarani people who cultivate the tradition of clay art, characterized by the production of cremation urns and votive vessels. The works by the Paraguayans carry with them traces of a daily routine divided between household chores, looking after the children and the home, where the work with clay takes place by the oven and the room in which their families sleep. “The activities in the home shift, creating another dynamic, which interrupts the routine,” explains writer Lia Colombino.

The three artists work with clay in their own unique styles and have shown their craft at important exhibitions in Latin America and Europe, including Documenta 13 in Kassel. Carolina Noguera (Compañía 21 de julio, Tobatí, 1972), daughter of prestigious ceramist Mercedes Areco de Noguera, began working with her mother during childhood, following the pre-colonial hereditary tradition. At the age of 17, Carolina took an independent path, at which time she began to develop her own style, marked by human and angelic figures, which characterize her work to this day. She began gaining notoriety after the documentary Kambuchi, directed by Miguel Agüero, which premiered in 2011.

Ediltrudis Noguera (Compañía 21 de julio, Tobatí, 1965), like her sister Carolina, also dedicates her time to clay art, but her practice focuses on pitchers (drinking vessels of Greco-Roman origin) with zoomorphic or anthropomorphic shapes, featuring powerful images of bulls, horses and humans. Her home oven was replaced by a kiln for firing larger pieces. She has shown her work extensively in Paraguay and abroad, at the Chile Triennial in Santiago, for example. In February 2017, she participated in an arts and crafts workshop in the City of Antigua, Guatemala, at the invitation of the BANAMEX Development Sector, National Bank of Mexico, an event that brought together great masters of Iberoamerican Folk Art.

Julia Isídrez (Compañía Caaguazu, Itá, 1967), daughter of artist Juana Maria Rodas (1925-2013) with whom she also learned, like the Noguera sisters, the craft of ceramics. Her work focuses on small pieces, often inspired by animals found in the home and in her surroundings (snakes, armadillos, chickens, ducks, fleas, spiders, bedbugs, scorpions, etc.); as well larger pieces that explore the vessel and urn formats. She has been exhibiting works internationally since 1976, including at the UNESCO Gallery in Paris, the Center of Visual Arts at Museo del Barro in Asunción, Paraguay (1998, 1999), the Mercosur Biennial in Porto Alegre, Brazil (1999), the ARCO Fair in Madrid, Spain (2007), the 35th edition of the International Exhibition of Traditional Arts and Crafts in Santiago, Chile (2008), the Chile Triennial of Visual Arts (2009), and at Documenta in Kassel, Germany (2013).

In gathering a rich selection of works by these three artists for the first time in Brazil, Das mãos e do barro brings about an important reflection on the phenomenon of Paraguayan Folk Art as well as its expressive force that, along with the musical and industrial traditions, are acquiring new contours in an era of global communication that intensifies its creative production. These are works that translate “the transformation of the utilitarian in face of the phenomenon of globalizing contamination into an art that is now not only featured in local exhibitions and at Museo del Barro, but also at international events and exhibitions," says Amaral. Meanwhile, it also points to the dilemma that all century-old traditions face: whether to preserve or renew themselves, which, in attempting to meet the emergence of a market that is always eager for innovation, run the risk of disappearing.

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TIAGO MESTRE

NOITE. INEXTINGUÍVEL, INEXPRIMÍVEL NOITE.
jul . 12 . 2017  -  aug . 12 . 2017 , Galeria Millan
opening jul . 12 . 2017, 07pm - 10pm
Monday-Friday: 10am - 7pm; Saturday: 11am - 6pm
  • Tm_9210_30x17x16_2017
    Crash
    2017
    ceramics
    30 x 17 x 16 cm
  • Tm_9217_18x17x17_2017
    Canaletto
    2017
    Gouache on raw clay
    15 x 12 x 8 cm
  • Tm_9213_70x30x25_2017
    Árvore
    2017
    raw clay
    70 x 30 x 25 cm

Tiago Mestre, a Portuguese artist who has gained prominence in the Brazilian art scene, exhibits his works for the first time at Galeria Millan from July 12 through August 12. The show, Noite. Inextinguível, inexprimível noite. [Night. Inextinguishable, inexpressible night.], borrows its title from the poem Lugar II by Portuguese poet Herberto Helder (1930-2015) and features a selection of 60 artworks that explore the issue of form and the myth of the modern project relating to sculpture. Materials such as clay, bronze and plaster give shape to works that are in a constant negotiation between design and unpredictability, between plan and expressive freedom.

The set of works includes sculptures of different scales, video, interventions with the gallery’s architecture and a large installation (a landscaping element that organizes the whole exhibition). These works refer to the first human attempts at assimilating the natural within projectual thought, mapping the process of assimilating the landscape starting from the intellect. “The idea of the design as a backdrop, as the orchestration of a system," explains Mestre.

Each of the sculptures seems to demonstrate a concise act, that’s clearly manual, as if it were unfinished or in a perpetual state of becoming, often leaving an ambiguous affiliation as to its disciplinary nature. The use of color emerges punctually, not so much as a system, but rather as a resource that accentuates, corrects or clarifies specific issues in the work. This semantic uncertainty, or programmatic transversality, is one of the focal points of the work. The problematization of the performative capacity of each of the works is made evident (if not parodied) in situations such as the one of the sculpture of two hills (a work that is both landscape sculpture and a niche for other minor works).

The video, which will be shown on the second floor of the gallery, stands as a kind of general synthesis of the show. The immateriality of this medium contrasts decisively with the predominantly objectual side of the remaining works. In it, we see a slow, silent and interminable transmutation of geometric and organic forms, in an “apathetic” reference to the myth of Brazilian architecture, to its unique relationship with nature and the landscape.

Although some architectural procedures are involved in his process—such as sketches and scale models—his focus is more directed toward the observation of the bodies' experience in the space, whether they be natural, sculptural, or architectural. It seems that this intimacy between nature, space and form, is what Mestre’s exhibition seeks to unveil.

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RODRIGO ANDRADE

DUAS CAVERNAS
jun . 01 . 2017  -  jul . 01 . 2017 , Galeria Millan e Anexo Millan
opening may . 31 . 2017, 07pm - 10pm
Mon - Fri, 10am - 7pm; Sat, 11am - 6pm
  • _18a1256_cut
    Detalhe de Bellini
    2016
    Oil on canvas on mdf
    60 x 75 cm

One of the most significant painters of the 80s generation, Rodrigo Andrade will display his most recent works at Galeria Millan and Millan Annex, from June 1 to July 1 of 2017.  Duas Cavernas (Two Caverns) covers the main tendencies the artist has concentrated on intensively in recent months. Known for his ability to radically change the course of his work, in the quest for new lines of research, Andrade is experiencing a moment of greater synthesis, in which the various paths of his 33-year career appear to converge more profound interaction. With this exhibition, he creates an interesting interface of dialog with the major retrospective exhibition of his work at the end of the year at Estação Pinacoteca Museum.

In all, the exhibit will include 25 to 30 canvases, organized around three main axes: the landscapes, largely inspired by the classical works of masters such as Ruysdael, Uccello and Bellini (occupying the main gallery); the abstract paintings, the Bilaterals, consisting of two large chromatic fields, in equilibrium (shown in the annex); and, as the balancing factor, since they introduce questions common to the two previous groups – a series of recent works, the “binary figures".

These figures move between the figurative and the abstract and invariably consider the idea of the pair, of the reflection, an aspect frequently seen in all the artist's work. Some of these binary bring aspects that hark back to the universe of cartoons or to references of art history (as in the case of Fera e Princesa (Beast and Princess), in a clear dialog with Uccello's St. George and the Dragon, and Bicho e Pedra, depois de Neves Torres (Creature and Stone, after Neves Torres), based on a work by the author named in the title). Others are more indecipherable, like the gigantic 6 x 11 meter mural that Andrade will paint on one of the Annex walls.

The grottoes, catacombs and rocky outcrops, picturesque themes of the 19th century, have long captivated the artist and he has been collecting images of this type since 2010 and reworking the theme pictorially, until reaching the current stage. The caverns and his other works are dimensional bodies that project themselves beyond the plane, conquering space. In dealing with the masses of paint – in work that harks back to the geometrical forms of his paintings of the 2000s, which became a kind of artistic signature – Andrade uses masks and carefully designed templates in the cutting out process.

Since the early years, when his work and that of other colleagues – meeting at the Casa 7 (Number 7) atelier – came to the public's notice with their participation in the 18th São Paulo Biennial, there have been a number of radical changes in his output. The most recent of these was in 2010, when Andrade – who had been producing markedly abstract work – surprised the circuit with the black, immaterial landscapes, based on photographic records, displayed at the 29th Biennial (2010). Now, in addition to boundless vitality and a turning back in search of a greater incidence of color and form, the artist seems more inclined to tread parallel paths, discovering in each of them aspects to feed his research. 

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GUILHERME GINANE

QUE DIA FELIZ HOJE AINDA VAI SER
jan . 27 . 2017  -  feb . 24 . 2017 , Galeria Millan
opening jan . 26 . 2017, 07pm - 10pm
Tue - Fri, 10 am - 7 pm; Sat, 11 am - 6 pm
  • _18a5340r
    Big Red, 2016 (detail)
    Oil on canvas
    160 x 134 cm
  • Gg_8637_160x134_2016
    Big Red, 2016
    Oil on canvas
    160 x 134 cm
  • Gg_8675_120x100_2016
    Blue, 2016
    Oil on canvas
    120 x 100 cm
  • Gg_8663_75x56_2016
    Impurities of White, 2016
    Oil on paper
    75 x 56 cm
  • Gg_8662_75x56_2016
    Sympathy for the Devil, 2016
    Oil on paper
    75 x 56 cm

Us before it

The first painting I ever saw by Guilherme Ginane depicted a chaise longue on (or in) a grey background. It makes sense to highlight the ambivalence of both positions – on and in –, because the background blended with the floor, just like the so-called seamless backgrounds in advertising photography studios. The only anchor point and reference to perspective was the shadow beneath the chaise longue. And while, on the one hand, this shadow prevented the depicted image from being reduced to the two-dimensionality of the canvas, on the other, the background disoriented the incipient perspective in a claustrophobic, disturbing trompe-l'oeil, where the infinite was both wall and floor, transparency and opacity, full and empty at the same time. There was nothing but the chaise longue and its shadow, lost in space. And I couldn’t take my eyes off of the picture, as though trying to focus on a black hole.

It wasn’t just the chaise that got me thinking (by subject matter association) about “Vincent’s Bedroom in Arles”, which Van Gogh painted to take his revenge on the bed-rest – or, even before, the disease that left him bedridden in that room. Ginane quit advertisement for painting. If advertising was his disease, it's likely that painting is his vengeance.

Of “Vincent’s Bedroom in Arles”, Italian critic Lionello Venturi wrote that “Van Gogh (…) wished to represent sleep and could not. The tragedy of his mind was approaching, heralded by signs of derangement, and it allowed him neither rest nor sleep. Calm reigns in the abandoned room, but it is a calm without hope and without pity. (…) It is a rest that is born of despair” .

The perspective in Van Gogh’s Vincent’s Bedroom in Arles, is multiple, as though, lacking a human figure, each object had obtained the right to a singular independent point of view, as though parallel universes or dimensions coexisted in the same painting, making an unstable totality, slightly distorted by the contradiction and the incompatibility of fragmentary autonomies.

Guilherme Ginane’s objects on the tabletops also have an autonomous and oddly irreconcilable existence. The cigarettes, the matches, the flower pots, the books, etc., overlap with the table, which oscillates between background and surface; they drip like paint on the canvas, they float over the table more than rest on it; they dispute the prevalence of parallel planes and incompatible perspectives with the table. There’s a fight with painting there, that has very little to do with rest.

“I used to struggle a lot with my work. I’m getting more confident now. The plane is changing, it feels like an achievement,” Ginane told me about a year ago. “Once Paulo Pasta [his former teacher] wrote that shoegazing is an insecure gaze. I’m starting to look up and other, yet unrecognized elements are popping up, light bulbs and walls where there were once cups and carpets.

The change in plane perspective and its seeming mobility result in a metamorphosis of things: the gaze that once was laid on strips of carpet at table edges now sees walls; what once was a cup now turns into a light bulb at the top of the painting. In other words, the plane turns, bends without bending, bending as though it might turn three-dimensional, yet still remains flat, and in this idle movement (the plane that turns without turning) the objects also change. The painting embeds more than one point of view, at times even incompatible points of view, in such a way that objects turn into other objects without ceasing to be the same. This coexistence in Ginane’s painting represents an arc, a change in the gazing subject’s point of view (artist and observer), and refers to an experience in the world.

The difficulty of a background that is infinite and surface at the same time, represented by the tactile evidence of the paintbrush, of the overlapped layers of paint, already played an assertive and destabilizing role in previous works: the figures in the foreground – chairs, cigarettes, cups, etc. –, lost in space, had their point of view, their three-dimensional autonomy, halted by the shallow, two-dimensional and opaque background with which they ended up merging. Even later, when the tabletops and carpets under the tables start popping up, the two planes still blend, by a telescopic effect, into the same surface. There is a tension and a viscosity between things and planes, simultaneously diverse and still unique.

At any rate, the difficulty is less of a problem than part of the solution. It sets boundaries, points the way to the painter. When he didn’t have money to buy oil paint, Ginane started working with charcoal and opened another powerful path in his work. In his adolescence he didn’t go to school for 5 years, due to a paralyzing phobic depression. “I was afraid of the wind,” he says. He’s been to doctors, tried voodoo and ended up in a psychoanalyst's office, where he discovered abstract painting (he had discovered figurative painting with a Degas ballerina poster in the hall of the building where he used to live with his mother and brother in Meier, Rio de Janeiro).

“I was dying to paint the human figure,” he says about a boundary that remains essential in his work to this day. As in “Vincent’s Bedroom in Arles”, his paintings are still lifes where the conspicuous absence of human figure, indicated only by the silent trail of cigarettes and matches, ends up referring to the presence of the eye, of the viewer.

“Literature touches me more than contemporary art. Project art is similar to advertisement. From my point of view, painting happens in painting. There is a muteness in painting, that no words can account for,” he sums up.

As opposed to an increasingly rhetorical art, Ginane chose to name his exhibition after one of the most ironic statements (“This will have been another happy day”), uttered by a motionless woman, buried up to her neck, in Happy Days, by Beckett, a writer whose work also tends toward silence.

All life is in this absence, in the battle between planes, in the paradox of the idle metamorphosis of objects and points of view, which shifts the focus to the position and to the eye of the viewer; in this silent quality (characteristic of great paintings) of blending matter and anti-matter and of putting on the canvas, through the materiality of the paint, a dimension both visible and invisible and that moves standing still, like us before it.

Bernardo Carvalho

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BOB WOLFENSON

NÓSOUTROS
feb . 01 . 2017  -  feb . 24 . 2017 , Anexo Millan
opening jan . 31 . 2017, 07pm - 10pm
Tue - Fri, 10 am - 7 pm; Sat, 11 am - 6 pm
  • New_york__spring_2013_-70_x_183cm-_harlem
    New York, Spring 2013
    70 x 193 cm
  • Miami__summer_2013_-70_x_229_5cm-
    Miami, Summer 2013
    30 x 95 cm
  • Paris__spring_2014_-70_x_226_5cm-
    Paris, Spring 2014
    70 x 219,5 cm
  • Marrakech__out_2014_-75_x_230cm-
    Marrakesh, October 2014
    75 x 230 cm
  • Londres_cf020828_4_-70_x_191_5cm-
    London, Autumn 2012
    30 x 83 cm
  • New_york__spring_2013_-75x_226cm-
    New York, Spring 2013
    75 x 224 cm

OURSELVES

The idea for this project took place in 2012, during a daytrip to Coney Island, in the outskirts of New York. On my way back to Manhattan, I began noticing strangers who were waiting to cross the street under the blistering sun of a New York summer day. Their collective posture - that of mere pedestrians waiting for the green light - made them very similar, yet, their clothes and tattoos, their anatomy, skin colour and attitude (introspective or euphoric expressions) distinguished them apart. I photographed them with my small-format Leica and kept these photos as simple mementos of a traveller. Later on, when I looked over them on my computer, an urge took over me to photograph and organise scenes like that in different places around the world, highlighting one of the most striking paradoxes of the human being, so obliviously and conspicuously registered in that first instance: that of being alike yet different, that wish to be part of a group and at the same time, the need to stand out.

This ambition of mine, to create representative panels of diverse yet generic human identities, drew me to many countries and cultures. A year later, I returned to Coney Island, this time well equipped with a medium-format camera that has as its main characteristic a very high definition, for, ideally, these photos should be amplified when exhibited in order to allow the spectator to roam its eyes over the images and to identify details that even the photographer failed to notice when releasing the shutter. I also decided to photograph more particular groups, such as the orthodox Jews of Crown Heights, the African-Americans of Harlem, as well as suited up executives on their way to work in London, on a typical English winter morning. What’s more, most of the photos derived from my fortuitous search for places where the influx of people seemed adequate to my instincts.

As I placed the camera at a zebra crossing and pointed it at pedestrians, I faced a form of instinctive suspicion. Nevertheless, as expected, I witnessed expressions of fashion, transformations of urban life and the ethnic plurality of the major metropolises – all framed by the captured scenes and characterized by the climatic conditions of each location, determining the passers-by’s clothing choices and mood.

The process of creation of these photos followed some strict principles: the takes were exclusively carried out at zebra crossings or security passages, and the people were present in reality at the locales where they are shown, even though some of them were not photographed side by side, as shown in the final copy. I made some montages in order to emphasise the very assumptions that led me to cultivate this idea. As rational as a project like this may seem, the unexpected will always pervade when dealing with the photographic decisive moment. During the years that I dedicated myself to this project, I quickly came to realize that even with a tripod in hands and a precise plan in mind, not much can be controlled when you have a camera in the middle of the streets. The streets are alive and this liveliness is imposed upon us.

Bob Wolfenson

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TUNGA

PÁLPEBRAS
oct . 18 . 2016  -  dec . 10 . 2016 , Galeria Millan e Anexo Millan
opening oct . 15 . 2016, 12pm - 04pm
Tue - Fri, 10 am - 7 pm; Sat, 11 am - 6 pm
  • 2016_10_18_expo_millan_aos_seus_pes_35_fotogabicarrera
    At Your Feet, 2014 (detail)
    Resin, black tourmaline, leather, iron
    720 x 350 x 500 cm
  • 2016_05_02_galpao_fotogabicarrera
    Untitled (Morfológicas), 2014
    Resin
  • Obra_da_se-rie_morfolo-gicas_-01-low
    Untitled (Morfológicas), 2014
    Resin and iron
    55 x 47 x 41 cm
  • 2016_05_02_galpao_002_fotogabicarrera_alta
    Untitled (Morfológicas), 2014
    Bronze and iron
  • 2016_05_02_galpao_019_photo_gabi_carrera
    Untitled (Morfológicas), 2014
    Bronze and iron
    86 x 70 x 50 cm
  • Phano_tng01low
    Phanógrafo, 2009
    Fabric, wood, glass, mirror, crystal, hammer, steel rigging, chromatized water
    85 x 34 x 31 cm
  • Obra_da_se-rie_-phano-grafos-_-02-low
    Phanógrafo, 2009
    Fabric, wood, glass, mirror, crystal, hammer, steel rigging, chromatized water
    85 x 34 x 31 cm
  • Tu_8533
    Untitled, 2015
    Hammock, iron and resin
    Variable dimensions
  • Tu_8509
    Untitled, 2008
    Paper, cotton gloves, pastel paint and corals
    20 x 65 x 54 cm
  • 2013_02_15_galpao_175low
    Tunga working at his atelier

Tunga, one of the most important creators of Brazilian contemporary art, died prematurely last June at the age of 64, leaving ready what would have been his next exhibition. Galeria Millan is taking the artist’s plans forward and on October 15 will launch the show "Pálpebras" at both its premises in Vila Madalena, bringing together a group of never before or rarely seen works in Brazil.

Millan’s original premises will display the "Phanógrafos", works derived from the series "Cooking Crystals" (2010). These rarely exhibited pieces are boxes that act as a recipient or support for assemblages of different objects and materials, such as bottles, wine glasses, amber, stones or scatological items. Things that, as Tunga wrote, have a “talisman quality”, and  “change shape like a lantern”.

The gallery's second floor will also contain projections and drawings, aimed at broadening the way his plural and transmutable work is viewed; for example, by revealing the connections between two-dimensional and three-dimensional productions and emphasizing the importance of the line in the artist’s work.

“It will certainly not be just an exhibition of pieces. We are working on the spaces so that the art is shown at its very best. Tunga’s work will be present in the atmosphere and not just physically, in his creations”, explains André Millan, who put on the artist’s first exhibition exactly 30 years ago, in 1986.

The Anexo, the new space inaugurated last year, will house the "Morfológicas" series, organic sculptures that refer to the body; they are sensual, sometimes surreal, often erotic – reminiscent of vulvas, glans, tongues, fingers, mouths and breasts – and have originated from other works (as in the series "From la Voie Humide", in 2014), but have never been exhibited on their own in Brazil, even respecting their somewhat undefined stance between form study (as the title itself suggests) and finished work.

Initially they were merely small, hand-molded shapes in wax, with slightly larger versions (between 30 and 60 cm) emerging over time in bronze or barbotine (a type of liquid ceramic). A large-size version of one these works was originally created for the International Contemporary Art Fair (FIAC), in Paris. This piece, "A Seus Pés" (At your feet) is seven meters – which is normal in his work – and consists of various parts. The central element is a long, rounded shape, with claws at each end, resembling fingers pointing in different directions. One of them is pregnant, as if propagating the pods that hang from it.

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