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(Palmares / PE, 1952 - Rio de Janeiro / RJ, 2016) Tunga (Antônio José de Barros Carvalho e Mello Mourão) graduated as an architect in Rio de Janeiro and had his first individual show in 1974 at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro. Also, in the 70’s, he founded, along with Cildo Meireles, Waltercio Caldas and José Resende, the Malasartes magazine and the newspaper A Parte do Fogo, both short-lived. The purpose of his poetic, Tunga demonstrates his interest in redefining sculpture not as static volume, but as an organization of forms in expansion. In addition to installations, drawings and sculptures, the artist conducts performances and happenings. Tunga took part in numerous group shows and Biennales around the world, like Venice Biennale, 1982; Hara Museum of Contemporary Art (Tokyo), 1985; at diverse São Paulo Biennales, 1981, 1987, 1994, 1998 and 2013; Kanaal Fundation (Belgium) and Stedelijk Museum (Holland), 1989; Gallerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume (Paris), 1992; MoMA (New York), 1993; Ludwig Museum (Köln, Germany), 1993; La Habana Biennale (Cuba), 1994. And he took place, as well, in the Kassel Documenta, 1997; and the Mercosul, 1999, Kwang-Ju (Korea), 2000; and Lyon (France), 2000 Biennales. His principal individual shows took place at Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art, 1989; Whitechapel Gallery (London), 1989; The Power Plant (Toronto, Canada), 1990; The Third Eye Center (Glasgow), 1990; Bard College, New York, 1997; MoMA (Miami), 1997; Phoenix Art Museum (Arizona) 1998; Centro Cultural Recoleta (Buenos Aires), 1999; Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (São Paulo), 2001; MARCO (Monterrey, Mexico), 2001; Jeu de Paume, (Paris), 2001; Luhring Augustine Gallery (New York), 2002, 2007, 2010 and 2012; Christopher Grimes Gallery (Los Angeles), 2004; Musée du Louvre (Paris), 2005; MoMa – PS1 (New York), 2008; Galeria Millan (São Paulo), 2004, 2009, 2010 and 2016; Gallerie Piece Unique (Paris), 2010; Galeria Fortes Vilaça (São Paulo), 2011; Pilar Corrias Gallery (London), 2011 and 2014; Galleria Franco Noero (Torino), 2014; Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire, Centre D'Arts et de Nature (France), 2015; and others. The artist also has two pavilions at Instituto Inhotim (Brumadinho, Brazil), the latest of them inaugurated in 2012.

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